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Nimule

Nimule is located in Magwi CountyEastern Equatoria State, South Sudan, immediately north of the International border with the Republic of Uganda. This location lies approximately 197 kilometres (122 mi), by road, southeast of Juba, the capital of South Sudan and the largest city in that country. This location lies approximately 120 kilometres (75 mi), by road, north of Gulu, Uganda, the nearest large city. The coordinates of Nimule are:3°35'46.0"N, 32°03'49.0"E (Latitude:3.596111; Longitude:32.063611).[4

The population of Nimule was estimated at about 45,000 in 2006.

To date there are no hotels that we would recommend in Nimule.

Nimule, South Sudan

Bentiu

Bentiu is located in Rubkona CountyUnity State, in northern South Sudan, near the International border with the Republic of Sudan. This location lies approximately 654 kilometres (406 mi), by road, northwest of Juba, the capital and largest city in the country. Bentiu sits on the southern bank of the Bahr al-Ghazal River, that separates it from the town of Rubkona, which sits on the river's northern bank. The two towns are joined by the El Salaam Bridge that spans the river. This bridge was bombed and partially damaged by Sudanese MiG 29 bomber airplanes on April 23, 2012, along with a market in Bentiu.

As of 2006, the population of Bentiu was estimated at about 9,700.

The town is the administrative, political and commercial center of Unity State in South Sudan. The State Governor maintains the headquarters of the state in the town. However the County Headquarters for Rubkona County, in which Bentiu is located are situated in the town of Rubkona, across the river.

During the South Sudanese conflict that began in December 2013, the national government lost control of the town to a commander loyal to Riek Machar, although Machar denied this. Violence in the area continued, and on 17 January 2014 a UN official was quoted as saying that the town “simply did not exist anymore”, and that “it was completely burnt down”. In April 2014, hundreds of Bentiu civilians were massacred by the “Sudan People’s Liberation Movement in Opposition Army” led by former vice president Riek Machar.

Unity State is the location of some of the largest oil deposits in South Sudan. The Heglig Oilfield to the north of Bentiu, straddles the border between Sudan and South Sudan. The Greater Nile Oil Pipeline, begins in Unity Oil Field in Unity State and extends north into the Republic of Sudan, to the refinery at Port Sudan, on the Red Sea.Another oilfield sits near the township of Tarjath, about 60 km (35 miles) to the south of the town. A lot of petroleum related activity goes on in and around Bentiu.

Kenya Commercial Bank (South Sudan) maintains a branch in Bentiu

After the destruction during the Second Sudanese Civil War, infrastructure in and around Bentiu is now being rebuilt. 

 

Bentiu, South Sudan

Akobo

It is located in Akobo CountyJonglei State, in the northeastern part of South Sudan, near the International border with Ethiopia. Its location lies approximately 450 kilometres (280 mi), by road, northeast of Juba, the capital and largest city in the country

Anywaa Kingdom Sub Tribes

Anywaa country is divided into eleven (11) sub tribes as follows:-

Ciro, Adongo, part of Ternam; Ojwaa and part of Nyikaani, are Sudanese Anywae (Anyuak), whereas, Openo, Lul, Joor, part of Thim, Rwanye, Piny-Udo and part of Nyikaani are Ethiopian Anywaae. Ciro Anywae Ciro Anywaa Sub Tribe, are inhabitants of Akobo Land. Dikony, Agwei and Dikon rivers give water to Akobo land which is the County of today. Akobo District was the first District to be recognized by the British Colonial rulers as the seat to administer Ciro Anyuak affairs and to oversee the Lou Nuer at Waat beyond Dwa-Achan. Akobo was established as a post in 1911 at the site known today as Akobo Gedim at the confluence of Dikony [Pibor] and River Akobo. Due to floods the town was moved to Agii on the other side of Dikony west of old Akobo in 1912. The Anywaa then occupied both sides of the Dikony from Wanga-Ading to Burmath just at the confluence with Agwei. From there the Dikony becomes Keng flowing from the Murle country.

The British did not make Akobo a strong post for their administrative convenience only but mainly to protect the Nuer from being slaughtered by the Anyuak. It was not possible to stop the raids while the British stayed at Malakal. The Anywaa of Ciro, including the Adongo people under King Akway Wa Cham, raided the Nuer for cattle, women and children which they brought back from Padoi and the country beyond near the Zaraf River.

As the British permanently settled at Akobo, borders were demarcated between Lou and Akobo at Dwa-Achan and Wanga-Ading; and between Murle and Anywaa at Biem. These borders are known as the 1956 borders recognized by the Sudan governments after the British left. Thus the Anywaa were administered with iron fist for taxation and free labor to clear the roads and scrutiny to protect the Nuer. The Arabs adopted the same policy of hard scrutiny of the Anywaa until the CPA was signed. At this time it is the Nuer showing the iron fist.

Akobo was a place of joyful life until the early 1960s. From this time line on, the Anywaa entered a gloomy period to the present day. This time line also marks the influx of the Lou Nuer migration and accelerated aggression.

As of July 2011, the population of Akobo, the town, is approximately 1,000. 

Akobo, South Sudan

Malakal

Malakal is the capital of Upper Nile StateSouth Sudan . It also serves as the headquarters of Malakal County, in which it is located.

During the Second Sudanese Civil War, the town was a garrison town of the Khartoum-based Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF). Following South Sudan's independence on 9 July 2011, the troops from the Republic of Sudan have retreated from Malakal. Malakal was the site of the November 2006 Battle of Malakal.

Beginning in 2013, Malakal has been the site of numerous battles between government SPLA forces and the Nuer White Army, loosely commanded by the SPLM-IO which is headed by Riek Machar. The city has been overrun on various occasions by both sides.

A major road linking Malakal with the town of Kurmuk at the border with Ethiopia is under repairs and renovations to asphalt surface. The road is expected to be ready for commissioning by May 2013. The city of Malakal is also served by Malakal International Airport, one of the two International airports in South Sudan, the other being Juba International Airport. Water traffic on the White Nile River can travel as far north as Khartoum in the Republic of Sudan, and as far south as Adok in Lakes State.

As of 2005 the population of Malakal was estimated at about 129,620. The 2008 Sudanese census, which was boycotted by the South Sudanese government, recorded a population of about 126,500. However, those results are disputed by the authorities in Juba. In 2010, it was estimated that the population of Malakal had grown to about 139,450

Malakal, South Sudan

Yei

Yei is a medium-sized city in South Sudan's southwest. It lies close to the borders of two of the country's trading partners,Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. It is a business hub, attracting traders and customers from all three countries. Ivory Bank and Kenya Commercial Bank maintain a branches in the city. Yei is served by Yei Airport.

The city of Yei is located in Yei County, Central Equatoria State, in southwesterSouth Sudan, close to the international borders with the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Republic of Uganda. It is approximately 170 kilometres (110 mi), by road, southwest of Juba, the capital and largest city in South Sudan. The geographic coordinates of the city of Yei are: 4° 6' 0.00"N, 30° 40' 12.00"E (Latitude: 4.1000; Longitude: 30.6700).

The name Yei was given to the location where the current city stands by (traditional chiefs of Kakwa- Chief Gbongale Dada Southern Kakwa, Chief Banja Aligo- Central Kakwa people;; Chief Tombura Tumbura Eastern Kakwa people; Chief Baraba Minde- Western Kakwa people; Pojulu -Chief Ramadala Lomodo for Dimo Pojulu area; Chief Lungaju Ladu for Terepe, Pojulu people; Chief Kundu Lokule for Lokurubang Pojulu people; Mundu- Chief Mungwa for Mundu people; Makaraka- Chief Muktar for Makaraka people; Keliko - Chief Aluma Aligo for Keliko people; Avokaya - Chief Gada for Avokaya people and Baka- Chief Waraga Igbeke for Baka people. But not three traditional chiefs, from the mentioned communitiesPojuluGimunu and Azande ethnic groups. This very area was named so because it used to be a center for collection of food products which were contributed in form of taxes by the chiefs from all over the territory farmers for facilitation of administrative services in the district. People used to carry these collected food products from a long distances to take them to the main administrative center called 'Laliok' in current Lainya County. The Purspose of changing the district center from Laliok to Yei Town was due to lack of adequate water sources in Lainya County. The same chiefs also conferred the name to the river that flows through the area and is now called River Yei. The Kakwa ethnic group exists in the current three Countries namely Uganda, South Sudan and DRC. They were broken into these three countries by the colonial rulers interests. But they continue to co-exist because of cultural and traditional relationships. This coexistence is known as " Salia Musala" which means Tripartite relationship. The Kakwa lived in co-eexistance with other smaller ethnicities without conflicts until politicians got into games of divide and rule. It was because of instigators which caused the people from different ethnicities in Yei to rival from time to time. In 1917, British missionaries built a small medical clinic on the northern bank of River Yei and established elementary schools as well as the government head offices. That is how the town was born. After the end of the first civil (1955-1972), many people returned from exile back to Yei town. People coming from diaspora had different experiences and different world views. They started to implement what they collected from East Africa, particularly from Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and also from Europe. The Yei people's behavior portrayed that of very civilized, social and religious persons. Very hard working and creative ethnic group of people developed in what became Greater Yei District. Most Yei people improved their subsistence agricultural farms and moved to cash crop farming. Coffee and Tea leaves were produced here and sold to the Arab world. Arab traders bring cars for sale in Yei, Kaya, Aboroto, and Baazi. This made business people and expatriates who likes Yei weather and its forests to call the zone as "Small London"

Before the onset of the Second Sudanese Civil War (1983 - 2005), Yei was a thriving urban, commercial center. Due to its location, at the borders of Uganda and DRC, the city handled a lot of commerce between the three neighboring countries. At that time, it attracted visitors, from as far away as Juba, about 170 kilometres (110 mi), by road, to the north of Yei. Civil servants and other Juba residents would flock to Yei on weekends to participate in the exchange of goods and services offered in the many barsshops andhotels. Yei became known as Small London because of its cosmopolitan nature.

Yei was captured by the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) on 10 March 1997. It remained in SPLA control until the end of the civil war. Following its capture in 1997, the SPLA fortified and turned Yei into a garrison town.

The presence of large numbers of SPLA in town attracted air raids and shelling from the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF). The population fled and the SPLA brought in more troops, who started families and started to grow the population of the city again. As the city became safer, later during the civil war, South Sudanese displacesd from other parts of the country, particularly from the Bahr el Ghazal Region, began flocking to Yei for safety, and later for humanitarian assistance (food, medicine and housing).

Following the cessation of major hostilities and the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2005, South Sudanese who had fled to Uganda and DRC began to return, and many chose Yei as their entry point. Due to the relative safety in the city, and the ready availability of International humanitarian aid, many of the returnees from other South Sudanese states chose to stay in Yei, instead of proceeding to their respective states of origin. This has created tension between the returnees who are native to Yei on one hand, and the IDPs who are native to other areas in South Sudan on the other. Local authorities and international aid partners are still grappling with finding acceptable, equitable and permanent solutions to the land claims and counter-claims and the resulting wrangles. And more returnees were coming in 2011

The area around Yei receives adequate rainfall year-round, which allows for the cultivation of food and cash crops as well as the raising of domestic livestock. Coffee andcassava are some of the crops grown locally. Lush farmlands cover the landscape on the city outskirts. Three commercial banks maintain branches in the city: Equity Bank (South Sudan)Ivory Bank, and Kenya Commercial Bank (South Sudan).

The road network to neighbouring cities and towns is actively undergoing repairs. For example, the road between Yei and Kaya, on the Ugandan border, has been repaired. It was financed by HABITAT and WFP. With the improvements the travel time to Kaya was reduced from five hours to one. Yei is also served by Yei Airport. The civil war decimated the city's infrastructure. 

Yei, South Sudan

Yambio

The city is located in Yambio CountyWestern Equatoria State, in southwestern South Sudan, close to the International border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Its location lies approximately 444 kilometres (276 mi), by road, west of Juba, the largest city in South Sudan and the capital of that country

Yambio is the headquarters of Yambio County, in which it lies. It is also the capital city of Western Equatoria State, one of the 10states that constitute the Republic of South Sudan. Following the attainment of independence by South Sudan in 2011

Yambio and the surrounding communities are the ancestral home of the Azande ethnic group, who also inhabit neighbouring parts of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic.

In 1983, the population of Yambio was estimated at approximately 24,900, during the Sudanese national census conducted that year. In 2010, it was estimated that the town's population had risen to about 31,700 people. In 2011, another source estimated the population of the town at about 40,400. The table below summarises the population trends of the town, from all sources, for the last thirty (30) years. 

A small road leads directly north out of town to a small town in South Sudan, called Li Rangu. However, the main thoroughfare through town is Highway A44. A44-East leads toNzara, South Sudan and to the town of Ezo, South Sudan, at the border with the Central African Republic. Highway A44-East joins Highway A43 which goes south to Juba, thecapital city of the country, or north to Rumbek, the capital of Lakes State, in the Bahr el Ghazal Region of the country. Another smaller road comes off of A44-East, and goes south-east to Yei, South Sudan, another town in Western Equatoria State. Yambio is also served by Yambio Airport.

 

South Sudan

Rumbek

Rumbek is the capital of Lakes State, central South Sudan, and the former capital of the country.

​Rumbek is approximately 377 kilometres (234 mi) by road northwest of Juba, the capital and largest city in the country. Its coordinates are 6.81°N 29.68°E and its elevation is 420 metres (1,380 ft) above sea level.

Rumbek is the headquarters of Rumbek Central County and is the capital of Lakes State, one of the ten (10) states of South Sudan. Following the peace agreement ending the Second Sudanese Civil War, the Sudanese People's Liberation Movement chose Rumbek to serve as the temporary administrative center of the Government of Southern Sudan. Later,Juba was selected to become the permanent capital. Like most South Sudanese towns, Rumbek suffered significant infrastructural damage during the civil war, in which an estimated 2 million people perished.

In 2004, the United Nations (OCHA) estimated the population of "Rumbek County" at about 82,500. At that time, the Dinka Agar constituted about 60% of the population, 30% were Dinka Gok, 6% were Bongo and 4% were Jur-Bel. In 2011, the population of the town of Rumbek is estimated at about 32,100.

The main road (A43) from Juba to the southeast to Wau to the northwest. There are two smaller roads out of town; one to Yirol to the east and another to Durbuoni to the north. Since 2005, some of the roads have undergone repairs. Rumbek is also served by Rumbek Airport

 

 
Rumbek, South Sudan

Wau

Wau  is a city in northwestern South Sudan, on the western bank of the Jur River, in Wau CountyWestern Bahr el Ghazal State. It lies approximately 650 kilometres (400 mi), northwest of Juba, the capital and largest city in that country

Wau was initially established as a zariba (fortified base) by slave-traders in the 19th century. During the time of condominium rule, the city became an administrative center.

Burr and Collins in 1994 described Wau: as follows:

No one has ever been “at home” in Wau. Situated on the fringe of the Dinka country, it is surrounded by a host of disorganized and diverse peoples . . . It was and remains a town belonging to no single ethnic group, deriving its importance only from its position as a commercial and administrative center . . . Located in the midst of the vast Nilotic plain hundreds of miles from nowhere, it was miserable under the best of circumstances . . .

During the Second Sudanese Civil War, it was a garrison town of the Khartoum-based Sudanese Armed Forces, and was the scene of extensive fighting in the spring of 1998. Battles erupted again in the town in the spring of 2007, killing several hundred people.

The city of Wau is the headquarters of Wau County, in which it lies. It also serves as the capital of Western Bahr el Ghazal State, one of the ten  states which constitute the Republic of South Sudan. The city is a culturally, ethnically, and linguistically diverse urban center. Its residents include peoples of FertitDinkaLuo, and Arab ethnicity.

In 2008, Wau was the third-largest city in South Sudan, by population, behind Juba the capital and Malakal, in Upper Nile State. At that time, the estimated population of the city of Wau was about 128,100 In 2011, the city's population was estimated at about 151,320.


Wau is the terminus of a narrow gauge branch line of the Sudan Railways. A plan exists, as of 2008, to open a standard gauge line north from Gulu in Uganda to Wau. Through trains from Khartoum to Mombasa would be possible only if one of the lines was regauged.
 
A train travelling towards Wau
  • Wau Airport - The airport, (IATAWUUICAOHSWW) has a single paved runway which measures 2,500 metres (8,200 ft) in length.
  • The city hosts University of Bahr El-Ghazal and many secondary and primary schools.
  • The Catholic University of South Sudan maintains a campus in the city.[7]
  • Wau Stadium - A soccer stadium in the middle of town
  • The Cathedral in Wau is known as the Largest of former Sudan
  • There are five (5) main roads out of town:
  • Southern National Park - Located about 100 kilometres (62 mi), by road, south of Wau along A44-South

Wau is a vibrant economic center in the newly established Republic of South Sudan. The major contributors to the local economy include:

Wau has two seasons: a dry season from November to March, and a rainy season the rest of the year

 

Wau, South Sudan

Torit

The town is located in Torit CountyEastern Equatoria State, in the southeastern part of South Sudan, close to the International border with the Republic of Uganda. Its location lies approximately 150 kilometres (93 mi), by road, east of Juba, the capital and largest city in that country. The coordinates of Torit are:4° 24' 28.80"N, 32° 34' 30.00"E (Latitude:4.4080; Longitude:32.5750).

Pajok is the Payam seat of Magwi County. It is also the capital of Eastern Equatoria State, one of the ten (10) states which constitute South Sudan. The town boasts of an airport, two hospitals, several primarry schools and two secondary schools. The main road from Juba, South Sudan to [Pogee], Uganda, passes through Magwi also the alternative road to Kenya via Torit passes through Lokiciogyo town.

The population of Torit was estimated at about 20,050, in 2004, and, according to census results, 33,657 in 2008.

There is a hotel in Torit that you can even see on Tripadvisors, but we have no experience with it.

 

Torit, South Sudan

Kapoeta

The town lies on the east bank of the Singaita River. The post at Kapoeta was established by Captain Knollys, who reached the river in January 1927. This location lies approximately 275 kilometres (171 mi), by road, east of Juba, the capital of South Sudan, and the largest city in that country. The town sits at an elevation of 677 metres (2,221 ft) above sea level.

The main road from LokichogioKenya to the capital city of Juba, South Sudan, runs through Kapoeta. The town is also served by Kapoeta Airport, which in 2011, was little more than a dirt strip.

As of August 2008, the population of Kapoeta was estimated at about 7,000.

Kapoeta town sits in a land dominated by the Toposa and Jie ethnic groups. The Didinga also live in the area, but they are farmers and tend to inhabit the fertile, wetter hills, whereas the cattle-centric Toposa people dominate the plains.

Kapoeta, South Sudan